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Q: I'd like to use MainBoss Basic in my own language, but the language isn't supported. What can I do?

In order to operate in a particular language, MainBoss needs a message file containing appropriate text strings in the given language. For example, if you want MainBoss to operate in Dutch, you need to create a Dutch message file.

If you are interested in creating such a file, MainBoss support would be happy to help you do so. The rest of this web page provides a general overview to get you started.

Note: While MainBoss accepts message files with Cyrillic or Greek characters (as well as Roman ones), it cannot handle languages that read right-to-left or ones with more than 256 characters (e.g. Chinese).

File Name

All message files have names of the form msgXXXX.txt where XXXX is a code indicating the language. For example, 0016 is the code for Portuguese. The codes are based on Microsoft's system for numbering languages.

To determine the code for a particular language, you can use MainBoss. Start the MainBoss program, login as Administrator, then look at Administration -> Preferences -> Custom text. This opens a window that lists current message files.

Click the Create Custom button in this window. MainBoss opens a list of recognized languages; each entry in this list ends in a message code. For example, the message code for Belgian French is 080c.

You will notice that in addition to specific regional designations, there are a few "unspecified" numbers in each language category. For example, in the set of English language codes, there are a number of codes related to specific English-speaking countries, but there are also two generic entries: English 0009 and English 0409. These can be viewed as catch-all codes for countries not in the list.

Once you have found out the code you need, create a file of the appropriate name. For example, if you're creating messages for Belgian French, the file should be named msg080c.txt.

For the sake of illustration, the rest of this document will use Belgian French as an example, using the message file msg080c.txt.

Starting the Message File

Copy the basic MainBoss message file msg0000.txt into the message file you want to create. The msg0000.txt file is found under the directory that contains your MainBoss programs; this directory is typically

C:\Program Files\MainBoss

For Belgian French, you would copy the msg0000.txt file into msg080c.txt.

Here is a typical line in the original msg0000.txt file:

CONTROL,By Date,By Date

The first item (CONTROL) specifies that this is the label on a control (for example, a text box or button). The second item (By Date) is the string that the software uses internally for this label; the third item (also By Date) is what the MainBoss program actually displays.

In the German version of the message file, the line reads

CONTROL,By Date,bis Datum

Similarly, in the French version of the message file, the line reads

CONTROL,By Date,Par Date

This tells MainBoss that instead of displaying By Date, it should display bis Datum or Par Date. For other languages, you would replace the third item on the line with the appropriate phrase in your language. Be careful that you only change the third item on the line, not the first two.

If the MainBoss program cannot find any message files, it displays the strings it uses internally and marks each string with a * to indicate that something is wrong. The internal strings correspond to the second items on each line of a message file. Using the above example, if MainBoss can't find any message files at all, it displays *By Date. This is useful information for translators, as discussed later in this document.

Shortcut Keys

Here is another line from the original msg0000.txt file:

MENU,Tables menu,&Tables

This specifies the name that MainBoss displays for the Tables menu in the MainBoss menu line. The corresponding entry in the German message file is

MENU,Tables menu,&Tabellen

and the entry in the Spanish message file is

MENU,Tables menu,&Tablas

Notice the use of the & character. In Windows, the & is used to mark a shortcut key for menus. On the MainBoss menu bar, you will see this key underlined, as in

Tables
Tabellen
Tablas

The user can access the menu item by typing <Alt+T> for all three. As a service to users, it is a good idea to put the & into your language's menu labels in a similar manner to the other languages.

The & character can appear anywhere in the given string. The letter after it will be underlined and used as the shortcut key. For example, if you write T&ables, the result will be Tables, meaning that the shortcut is <Alt+A>.

In situations where the actual label contains an & character (as in Save & Close), the message file should contain two & characters (Save && Close).

In any given window, you should make an effort to avoid using the same shortcut key for two different labels. For example, in the Work Orders menu, you shouldn't have both &Browse Work Orders and &Browse Tasks. Instead, you might have Browse &Work Orders and Browse &Tasks.

Short Forms

MainBoss uses a dot character (.) to represent short forms. For example, here are two more lines from msg0000.txt:

CONTROL,.Cost Center,Cost Ctr.
CONTROL,Cost Center,Cost Center

The first line (containing .Cost Center) defines a short form for Cost Center; the second defines the long form. In your version of the file, the line for .Cost Center should give an appropriate short form in your language, while the line for Cost Center should give the full form.

Types of Entries in the Message File

The message file has several different types of entries, identified by the first word in each line. The entry types are:

BUBBLE
Information printed as "help" bubbles
CAPTION
Titles printed at the top of windows (in the title line)
CONTROL
Labels on buttons and text fields in MainBoss windows
HINT
Tips displayed in the MainBoss window when you select a menu item
MENU
Names of menus and menu items
MESSAGE
Error messages and other diagnostics
REPORT
Words and phrases used in reports

Where Messages are Used

There is a reasonably easy way to see where various messages are used. Follow these steps:

  1. Install MainBoss twice (to two different program directories, for example C:\program files\mainboss1 and C:\program files\mainboss2).
  2. In one of the directories, delete all the files with names of the form msgxxxx.txt (for example, msg0000.txt, msg000a.txt and so on).
  3. In the other directory, put your own file (for example, msg080c.txt for Belgian French).
  4. In the Windows control panel, set your Regional Settings to your language.

When you run the program from the first directory, you will see the internal strings associated with all the messages, all marked with a * character. For example, instead of seeing Tables on the menu bar, you will see *Tables menu. When you run MainBoss with a message file, MainBoss will display whatever string is associated with the *Tables menu string in the message file.

When you run the program from the other directory, you will see your own translations (provided that you have set your Windows regional settings to the desired language). This is a good way to compare your translations to the English original.

Note: MainBoss is distributed with a number of message files, including:

When you are creating your own translations, it might help to look at these other files to see how we made the other translations.

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